Fruits & Vegetables Dogs Can and Can’t Eat

How many of us share our table scraps and favourite snacks with our doggies? While it's nice to occasionally treat your pup, what's safe for us to consume is not always the case for our four-legged friends.  Dogs digest differently than humans, and eating the wrong foods can lead to long-term health problems and, in extreme cases, even death. As carnivores, they have no need for fruits and vegetables as part of their diet, but an occasional fruit or veggie as a treat is OK.

Here are the fruits and vegetables OK for sharing in moderation:

Apples: Yes, dogs can eat apples. Apples are a great source of vitamins A and C, as well as fibre. They are low in protein and fat, making them the perfect snack for senior dogs. Just be sure to remove the seeds and core first. 

Bananas:  Yes, dogs can eat bananas. In moderation, bananas are a great low-calorie treat for dogs. They’re high in potassium, vitamins, biotin, fibre, and copper. They are low in cholesterol and sodium, but because of their high sugar content, bananas should be given as a treat, not part of your dog’s regular diet. 


Blueberries:  Yes, dogs can eat blueberries. Blueberries are a superfood rich in antioxidants, which prevent cell damage in humans and canines alike. They’re packed with fibre and phytochemicals as well.

 
Broccoli: Yes, broccoli is safe for dogs to eat in very small quantities and is best served as an occasional treat. It is high in fibre and vitamin C and low in fat. However, Broccoli florets contain isothiocyanates, which can cause mild-to-potentially-severe gastric irritation in some dogs. Furthermore, broccoli stalks have been known to cause obstruction in the esophagus. 
 
Cantaloupe:  Yes, cantaloupe is OK for dogs. Cantaloupe is packed with nutrients, low in calories, and a great source of water and fiber. It is, however, high in sugar, so should be shared in moderation, especially for dogs who are overweight or have diabetes. 
 
Carrots:  Yes, dogs can eat carrots. Carrots are an excellent low-calorie snack that is high in fiber and beta-carotene, which produces vitamin A. Plus, crunching on this orange veggie is great for your dog’s teeth. 
 
Celery:  Yes, celery is OK for dogs to eat. In addition to vitamins A, B, and C, this crunchy green snack contains the nutrients needed to promote a healthy heart and even fight cancer. As if that wasn’t enough, celery is also known to freshen doggy breath. 

Cranberries:  Yes, cranberries are OK for dogs to eat. Both cranberries and dried cranberries are safe to feed to dogs in small quantities. Whether your dog will like this tart treat is another question. Either way, moderation is important when feeding cranberries to dogs, as with any treat, as too many cranberries can lead to an upset stomach. 
 
Cucumbers: Yes, dogs can eat cucumbers. Cucumbers are especially good for overweight dogs, as they hold little to no carbohydrates, fats, or oils and they can even boost energy levels. They’re loaded with vitamins K, C, and B1, as well as potassium, copper, magnesium, and biotin. 
 

Green beans:  Yes, dogs can eat green beans. Chopped, steamed, raw, or canned –- all types of green beans are safe for dogs to eat, as long as they are plain. Green beans are full of important vitamins and minerals and they're also full of fibre and low in calories. 
 
Mango:  Yes, dogs can eat mangoes. This sweet summer treat is packed with four, yes four different vitamins: vitamins A, B6, C, and E. They also have potassium and both beta-carotene and alpha-carotene. Just remember, as with most fruits, remove the hard pit first, as it contains small amounts of cyanide and can become a choking hazard. 

Pineapple:  Yes, pineapples are OK for dogs to eat. A few chunks of pineapple is a great sweet treat for dogs, as long as the prickly outside is removed first. The tropical fruit is full of vitamins, minerals, and fibre. It also contains bromelain, an enzyme that makes it easier for dogs to absorb proteins. 
 
Potatoes:  Yes, dogs can eat potatoes. It’s fine to give your dog plain potatoes every once and a while, but only if they’re cooked, as raw potatoes can be rough on the stomach. A washed, peeled, plain boiled, or baked potato contains lots of iron for your dog. Avoid mashed potatoes because they often contain butter, milk, or seasonings. 
 
Raspberries:  Yes, dogs can eat raspberries. Raspberries are fine in moderation. They contain antioxidants that are great for dogs. They’re low in sugar and calories, but high in fibre, manganese, and vitamin C. Raspberries are especially good for senior dogs because they have anti-inflammatory properties, which can help take pain and pressure from joints. However, they do contain slight amounts of the toxin Xylitol, so limit your dog to less than a cup of raspberries at a time. 
 
Strawberries:  Yes, it is OK for dogs to eat strawberries. Strawberries are full of fibre and vitamin C. Along with that, they also contain an enzyme that can help whiten your dog’s teeth as he or she eats them. They are high in sugar though, so be sure to give them in moderation. 
 
Spinach:  Yes, dogs can eat spinach, but it's not one of the top vegetables you'll want to be sharing with you pup. Spinach is very high in oxalic acid, which blocks the body’s ability to absorb calcium and can lead to kidney damage. While your dog would probably have to eat a very large amount of spinach to have this problem, it might be best to go with another vegetable. 
 
Sweet potatoes:  Yes, dogs can eat sweet potatoes. Sweet potatoes are packed with nutrients, including fiber, beta carotene, and vitamins B-6 and C. Just like with regular potatoes, only give your dog washed, peeled, cooked, and unseasoned sweet potatoes that have cooled down, and definitely avoid sugary sweet potato pies and casseroles. 

Oranges: Yes, dogs can eat oranges. Oranges are fine for dogs to eat, according to veterinarians. They are also an excellent source of vitamin C, potassium, and fiber, and in small quantities can serve as tasty treats for your dog. Vets do, however, recommend tossing the peel and just giving your dog the inside of the orange, minus the seeds, as the peel is much more rough on their digestive systems.
 
Peaches:  Yes, peaches are OK for dogs to eat. Small amounts of cut-up peaches are a great source of fiber and vitamin A, and can even help fight infections, but just like cherries, the pit contains cyanide. As long as you completely cut around the pit first, fresh peaches can be a great summer treat – just not canned peaches, as they usually contain high amounts of sugary syrups. 
 
Pears:  Yes, dogs can eat pears. Pears are a great snack because they’re high in copper, vitamins C and K, and fiber. It’s been suggested that eating the fruit can reduce the risk of having a stroke by 50 percent. Just be sure to cut pears into bite-size chunks and remove the pit and seeds first, as the seeds contain traces of cyanide. 


Peas:  Yes, dogs can eat pears. Green peas, specifically: snow peas, sugar snap peas, and garden or English peas are all OK for dogs. Peas have several vitamins, minerals, and are rich in protein and high in fiber. You can feed your dog fresh, frozen, or thawed peas, but do not give him canned peas, which have a lot of added sodium. 

Watermelon:  Yes, watermelon is OK for dogs to eat. It’s important to remove the rind and seeds first, as they can cause intestinal blockage, but watermelon is otherwise safe for dogs. It’s full of vitamin A, B-6, and C, as well as potassium. Watermelon is 92 percent water, so it’s a great way to keep your dog hydrated on hot summer days. 
 

Fruits and Veggies to Avoid: 


Asparagus:  No, dogs shouldn't eat asparagus. While asparagus isn’t necessarily unsafe for dogs, there’s really no point in giving it to them. It’s too tough to be eaten raw, and by the time you cook it down so it’s soft enough for dogs to eat, asparagus loses the nutrients it contains. If you really want to share a veggie, something more beneficial is probably best. 
 
Avocado:
  No, dogs should not eat avocado. While avocado may be a healthy snack for dog owners, it should not be given to dogs at all. The pit, skin, and leaves of avocados contain persin, a toxin that often causes vomiting and diarrhea in dogs. The fleshy inside of the fruit doesn’t have as much persin as the rest of the plant, but it is still too much for dogs to handle. 

Cherries:  No, dogs shouldn't eat cherries. With the exception of the fleshy part around the seed, cherry plants contain cyanide and are toxic to dogs. Cyanide disrupts cellular oxygen transport, which means that your dog’s blood cells can’t get enough oxygen. If your dog eats cherries, be on the lookout for dilated pupils, difficulty breathing, and red gums, as these may be signs of cyanide poisoning. 
 
Grapes:  No, dogs should not eat grapes. Grapes and raisins have both proved to be very toxic for dogs no matter the dog’s breed, sex, or age. In fact, grapes are so toxic that they can lead to acute sudden kidney failure. Definitely skip this dangerous treat. 
 
Mushrooms:  No, dogs should avoid mushrooms. Wild mushrooms can be toxic for dogs. While only 50 to 100 of the 50,000 mushroom species worldwide are known to be toxic, the ones that are can really hurt your dog or even lead to death. Washed mushrooms from the supermarket could be OK, but it’s better to be safe than sorry; skip out on the fungi all together. 
 
Onions:  No, dogs should not eat onions. Onions, leeks, and chives are part of a family of plants called Allium that is poisonous to most pets, especially cats. Eating onions can cause your dog’s red blood cells to rupture, and can also cause vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, and nausea. Poisoning from onions is more serious in Japanese breeds of dogs such as Akitas and Shiba Inus, but all dogs are very susceptible to it.
 
Tomatoes:  No, dogs should probably avoid tomatoes. While the ripened fruit of the tomato plant (the red part humans normally eat) is generally considered safe for dogs, the green parts of the plant contain a toxic substance called solanine. While a dog would need to eat a large amount for it to make him or her sick, it’s better to skip tomatoes all together just to be safe. 
 

Questions? Don't hesitate to reach out.

We've got you and your family covered!

Dr. Stacey, help! Does my doggie need to wear sunscreen?

Pet Health Alert in the Comox Valley

Dr. Stacey: Whether we’re headed to Comox Lake, taking the kids to the field, or simply heading out to run errands, we know that during the summer months wearing sunscreen is key to our health and safety. 

But what about our doggies – do they need sunscreen too? 

This might come as a surprise, but the answer is yes. Along with providing our dogs with proper shade, fresh air, and hydration during the warmer months, sunscreen should become part of your routine. 


Dogs can get sunburns, too! 

Much like us, our four-legged friends can be harmed by the sun’s harmful UV rays. Red, inflamed, ouchy skin, and even hair loss can all result from too much exposure. We even need to be cognicent of the common types of skin cancer in dogs that are associated with sun exposure – like squamous cell carcinoma, malignant melanomas, hemangiomas, or hemangiosarcomas.

How to protect your doggie
 
Ideally, pet parents should find a canine specific sunscreen – these have no health risks to dogs. But if doggie sunscreen isn’t an option, you can buy a broad-spectrum sunscreen for babies and children with an SPF of 15 or higher. Please be sure to read the label on baby sunscreen before applying it - since dogs may lick their skin and accidentally ingest it. Pet owners will want to choose a non-scented product without zinc oxide – the ingestion of this can lead to hemolytic anemia. Please also avoid para-aminobenzoic acid (also known as PABA) as an ingredient. This could also be toxic if ingested. 

To reiterate, the following ingredients in sunscreens are toxic to dogs:
-    zinc oxide
-    para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA)

 Test a small patch on their belly first to check for an allergic reaction or sensitivity, and avoid getting sunscreen into their eyes. 

Just like you do with your babes – reapply often, especially during peak sun exposure hours (10AM-4PM). Gone swimming? Don’t forget to reapply once more!
 

Additional Sun and Heat Protection for Dogs

If your doggie must be outdoors during the peak sunshine times, pet parents can consider accessories like bodysuits, shirts, and hats with ultraviolet protection, in addition to sunscreen to prevent sunburns. Dog goggles ‘aka DOGGLES’ can also be used to protect your pet’s peepers.
 
Don’t forget - dogs can also get heat stroke. Please be certain that your dog has ample access to shade, water, and a comfortable environment in the warmer months.

Although adding sunscreen to your dog’s summer arsenal, pet owners should still be aware of the risks associated with excessive sun exposure.

Every Dog Has Their Day – Keep ‘em safe on the summer ones!  
From the desk of Dr. Stacey

Pet have bad breath? Here's what you NEED to know.

bad breath.jpg

Does your dog or cat have dragon breath? A painful mouth is no walk in the park!

"Ick factor" aside, a smelly mouth is often a sore mouth - and is indicative of a bigger problem.

Perhaps dental care is not the first thing that comes to mind when you think about your pet's health - but there are reasons it should be. We make sure our kids see the dentist regularly - and for good reason. Consistent dental care not only keeps breath fresh and teeth clean, but also prevents (stops) gum disease. It can also save you vet bills!  When a dog or cat develops gum disease (periodontal disease is the THE most common disease to affect our pets!) it will affect their entire body. Infections that start in the mouth can migrate into the bloodstream, through to vital organs like the heart and kidneys. Ongoing dental infections can also weaken the immune system, lowering your pet's resistance to other health issues.

We're making it easy for you to access the care your BFF deserves, by offering FREE Dental Exams this month only. And, if you opt to go ahead with cleaning, you'll save 20% off this month too. 

We offer professional, sedation-only (not a full general anesthesia) pet dental cleaning at Sunrise. As far as we know, we're the only vet clinic on the island doing sedative only cleaning! We'd be happy to talk about it with you. 

Call now to book your FREE Dental Exam: (250) 339-6555

Raise a Paw for Shannon Colthorpe - Pet Mom of the Month!

These days she likes to spend her time lounging on our guest room bed, and looking out the window, thankful for being on the other side of the glass.
— Shannon Colthorpe, on her foster "fail" kitty Phoebe

Furrrrget Sunrise Vet Pet of the Month - for Mother's Day, it was ALL about our Sunrise Vet Pet MOMS!

We launched a contest on our Facebook page, calling all Pet Moms and nominations for awesome Pet Moms in Comox, Courtenay, and the surrounding Comox Valley area.

The prize was a $25 coupon off your next service at Sunrise, a free bag of veterinary-approved treats, and of course - a  feature on this blog and our social media!

Meet Shannon Colthorpe... the purrrfect Comox Valley pet Mom! 

Meet Shannon Colthorpe... the purrrfect Comox Valley pet Mom! 

1) Shannon, sounds like you have a pawsitively full house! Can you tell us about your four-legged family members?


Sure! The first one to join our family was our cat, Aero. He is named after the chocolate bar, though he doesn't look anything like it. We adopted him 9 years ago from the SPCA when he was just a few months old. He is the fluffiest and laziest cat we've ever had. He prefers his water running from the tap, and puts up with an occasional bath.

Aero might not be able to indulge in the bubbly chocolate bars himself... but will settle for belly rubs!

Aero might not be able to indulge in the bubbly chocolate bars himself... but will settle for belly rubs!

Our Maltese/Shih Tzu dog, Casper, came next. He was adopted eight years ago from a family in Nanaimo who were not able to give him the time and attention he needed.
Now he is the ultimate lap dog. 

Casper, the friendly lap dog! He loves walks on the beach, delivering papers with Shannon twice a week, and sleeping in on weekends with his big sister (Shannon's teenage daughter).

Casper, the friendly lap dog! He loves walks on the beach, delivering papers with Shannon twice a week, and sleeping in on weekends with his big sister (Shannon's teenage daughter).

Phoebe, our 10-year-old cat, was a "foster fail". I actually came across her while searching for another cat that had escaped in our neighbourhood. Once we able to read her tattoo, we found out she was actually a KCP foster cat that had escaped two years ago before! These days she likes to spend her time lounging on our guest room bed, and looking out the window, thankful for being on the other side of the glass.

Life is looking plush for rescue Phoebe these days! 

Life is looking plush for rescue Phoebe these days! 

2) You've fostered your kitty Pixel, who was rescued by KITTY CAT P.A.L.S - Prevent A Litter (Society). What's your experience been like fostering, and how is Pixel adjusting?

Pixel is the fifth cat we have fostered for KCP.  He adjusted the minute he walked in the door! He had been living with other cats outdoors and had been surrounded by loud machines and many people, so nothing phases him. He is very vocal, so you can't ignore him; not that you would want to. He is a very confident cat which actually intimidates our other animals. It is work in progress to get them comfortable with each other. Pixel is learning how to walk on a leash with a harness so that he can come to KCP events as an ambassador! He's pretty excited about it.

Confidence comes in small packages...  "Pixel" sized, you might say!

Confidence comes in small packages...  "Pixel" sized, you might say!

3) It's often said that our pets can be our greatest teachers. Can you tell us about the impact your fur-babies have had on your life?

This is true! Aero teaches me not to take life so seriously. As I type this he is laying in a ray of sunshine. Not a care in the world.

Casper teaches me to explore. He loves to walk on the beach and sniff everything, which gets me looking down and noticing the interesting rocks and creatures at my feet.

Phoebe inspires my creativity. I have written a children's book about her adventure leading up to us finding her.

Pixel is constantly teaching me about resilience and love. This guy has been through a lot in his short life. (3 years, approximately) I have never had a cat look me in the eye and say so much without a word. He takes my breath away, as corny as that sounds.

Wow, just wow. The LOVE for our Comox Valley pets never ceases to inspire us. Thank you Shannon for sharing your pet story with us!

Every month, we'll be introducing you to one of our amazing Sunrise Vet Pets on our blog and social media.

If you'd like everyone to meet YOUR BFF, check out our Facebook page for our 'casting calls'! 

Come and get to know us. Call us today or stop-in to say HI. 

- from the desk of Dr. Stacey, your family vet in the Comox Valley


 

Ask Dr. Stacey

"Itchy Scratchy, Itchy Scratchy! My dog can’t sleep at night - and neither can we - and my cat’s got scabs all over."


Dr. Stacey - While there are different stand-alone reasons for the itch like: fleas, infection with bacteria, yeast, ringworm, and mites to name a few, your dog or cat may have an allergy that continuously drives the whole thing. Infections can be quickly treated, however allergy is always about continuous management.
 
Signs of allergy may include one or more of: ongoing ear infections, fur loss around the eyes, chewing at the nails constantly, bronze discolouration of the paws from licking, swollen paws with red skin, red skin all over the whole body, scratching constantly, scooting on the bottom, colour change or rash on the belly, red skin on the temple area or small crusts all over your kitty, pulling fur out with bald patches and of course sudden red oozing ‘hot spots’ appearing with a vengeance. Wow, what a list!
 
Allergy is either present all year (food or dust mites) or seasonal (pollens). The most important thing is to get the diagnosis. Recurring skin or ear infection is often a response to allergy. The allergy shows first.
 
Understanding is key for you to help your pet. And they need help. Having a constant itch is NO fun.
 
May is “Ditch the Itch” month at Sunrise Vet. Get 20% off your pet's itchy scratchy exam!

Please call us.
 
All the best,
Dr. Stacey of Sunrise Vet Clinic in Comox

(250) 339-6555
www.sunrisevet.ca

5 Ways to Go Green with Your Pet for Earth Day!

Happy Earth Day! There are a lot of ways to help your pets have less of an impact on the environment. Here are some ideas from your Sunrise Family. 

1. Recycle. It might go without saying, but recycling packaging from items you buy for your pet can make a major impact. You can also donate some gently used items to our local animal shelters, too!

2. Take a Walk! What better way to celebrate Earth Day by exploring a new walking path or spending a few hours at a neighbourhood park with your BFF? We've got some amazing spots here in the Comox Valley! 

3. Scoop the Poop! Be sure to clean up after your pooch and try using biodegradable poop bags. 

4. Save Water. If you're washing and refilling your pet's water dishes, try watering some plants with the extra from the dishes - instead of putting it down the drain! It can be the little things that make a big impact.

5. Spay and Neuter. Many pets are euthanized each year because of pet overpopulation. Along with people, animals also contribute a small amount towards our carbon footprint too! 

These are only 5 - we could have kept going!

Comment below with your suggestions - we'd love to hear them. 

Meet Sunrise Vet Pet - Cooper

Comox's East Coast Import  

Introducing April's Sunrise Vet Pet of the Month - Cooper! We asked his family a few questions about him. Here's what the Gresko's had to say! 

1) Cooper is from Nova Scotia - how did he make it to beautiful BC? 
We were posted from Comox, BC to Greenwood, Nova Scotia in Aug 2008 and I started searching for Labradoodle breeders on the East Coast. We found Labradoodle By Design right in Nova Scotia and went to visit her. She had a wide variety of sizes and in Sep 2009 we chose Cooper, a small/medium Chocolate Australian Labradoodle from her. We were then posted back to Comox BC in 2011 and made the drive back across the country with our Cooper!

2) It seems like Cooper is a very important part of your family! Tell us more about the impact he's had on your lives. 
In the fall of 2013 we went through a very difficult family situation. I have only one son and Cooper was extremely sensitive to our emotions and helped both me and my son cope with the changes. He began going into my son's bed to help him fall asleep at night and always made him feel better when nothing else would help. He has also helped us both with health issues and won't leave our side if we are ill. I was released from my 30+ year military career due to medical reasons and he has been instrumental in my recovery. He is unbelievably intuitive with anyone he comes in contact with and will "talk" to you to get your attention. We can't imagine being without him. 

Cooper also LOVES to sing with us! I joined the Women's Military Wives Choir Comox in the fall of 2016 and have to practice frequently (because I'm not that good) and he signs along with me. 

3) How has Cooper's experience been with Sunrise Veterinary Clinic? 
Sunrise Veterinary Clinic has been so helpful with Cooper! Back in April 2012, Cooper began vomiting and couldn't keep anything down for about 24 hours. I brought him in and x-rays were done. On the x-rays you could see that he had a blockage in his intestines and he required immediate surgery. His cecum was totally impacted with some sticks and it was removed. A biopsy of his intestines was also done and we found he had a rare form of Eosinophilic colitis and couldn't eat any animal proteins without getting very sick. He was put on a Hypoallergenic food and is fine unless he somehow gets a hold of some animal protein (he can be sneaky sometimes!).

Thanks to Cooper and the wonderful Gresko family for being such a valued part of our Sunrise family! 

Do YOU want to be the next Sunrise Vet Pet of the Month? Stay tuned to our social media for our casting calls. 

Medical Health Alert - Dogs and Cats

Spring has sprung, and pollens are in the air!

Not only do humans suffer from seasonal allergies, but so can our pets - and sometimes with life-threatening results. 

Seasonal allergies can be very dangerous to cats who suddenly develop or already have asthma. You will notice wheezing, difficulty breathing, and/or breathing quickly. If you see any of these signs -come see us immediately. They can be life threatening! 

Dogs with allergies will exhibit serious skin itch, paw redness, and ear infections. These are painful and do need to be treated quickly. 

Prevention is always ideal - we can help you put your summer plan in to place, and talk about symptom management and treatment options. 

Here's to a happy and healthy Spring!

Best, 

- Stacey